Advanced Treatment Technologies for Urban Wastewater Reuse by Despo Fatta-Kassinos, Dionysios D. Dionysiou, Klaus Kümmerer

By Despo Fatta-Kassinos, Dionysios D. Dionysiou, Klaus Kümmerer

This quantity bargains an in depth evaluate of presently utilized and confirmed wastewater therapy applied sciences and the combination of complex approaches to take away hint natural contaminants and microorganisms. It discusses the potential for stronger organic therapy to supply effluent compatible for reuse, new approaches for city wastewater disinfection and the aid of antibiotic resistant micro organism, in addition to the influence of complex oxidation methods on wastewater microbiome and chemical contaminants. It additionally provides membrane bioreactors, relocating mattress bioreactors, gentle and sunlight pushed applied sciences, ozonation and immobilised heterogeneous photocatalysis and offers an review of the opportunity of developed wetlands built-in with complex oxidation applied sciences to supply wastewater secure for reuse. moreover, the quantity discusses water reuse matters and criteria, the prestige of membrane bioreactors functions, and the remedy of opposite osmosis focus for stronger water restoration in the course of wastewater remedy. ultimately, it offers fresh advancements in potable water reuse and addresses quite a few very important matters during this framework, just like the right safeguard of public healthiness, reliability and tracking. This quantity is of curiosity to specialists, scientists and practitioners from a number of fields of analysis, together with analytical and environmental chemistry, toxicology and environmental and sanitary engineering, in addition to remedy plant operators and policymakers.

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Chi et al. [69] assessed the performance of a heterogeneous Fenton’s pilot-scale process to remove different EDCs and PPCPs from three different municipal WWTP secondary effluents. The system incorporated a modified polyacrylonitrile catalyst which allowed to decompose >90% of the EDCs and >40% of PPCPs using 200 mg/L of H2O2 in 3 h residence time working at natural pH. According to them, the system showed great potential in the removal of low levels of PPCPs and EDCs when compared to homogeneous Fenton’s, photo-Fenton’s, electro-Fenton’s, and photocatalysis on TiO2.

At normal operation conditions, those compounds seem to be generated in very small amounts, below the recommended thresholds proposed by recognized official organisms. To minimize this risk, it is very important to assure a good contact between gas and liquid. It is also advisable to install a barrier unit after the ozonation process. For example, a sand filter has proved to be very effective on those scenarios where ozonation produced an increase on toxicity or to eliminate nitrosamines. 4 Advanced Oxidation Processes The efficiency of AOPs for organic contaminant removal has been well proven at laboratory scale.

Sci Total Environ 412–413:14–19. 057 12. Calderon-Preciado D, Jime´nez-Cartagena C, Matamoros V, Bayona JM (2011) Screening of 47 organic microcontaminants in agricultural irrigation waters and their soil loading. Water Res 45(1):221–231. 050 13. Jones-Lepp TL, Sanchez CA, Moy T, Kazemi R (2010) Method development and application to determine potential plant uptake of antibiotics and other drugs in irrigated crop production systems. J Agric Food Chem 58(22):11568–11573. 1021/jf1028152 14. Bouwer H (2000) Groundwater problems caused by irrigation with sewage effluent.

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