Antarctica: Contributions to Global Earth Sciences by Dieter K. Fütterer, Detlef Damaske, Georg Kleinschmidt,

By Dieter K. Fütterer, Detlef Damaske, Georg Kleinschmidt, Hubert Miller, Franz Tessensohn

Sixty articles prepared in 8 thematic sections consult with most up-to-date geological and geophysical result of Antarctic study. The Precambrian of the East Antarctic guard and its geological background is taken into account in addition to sub-ice topography, geophysics and stratigraphy, sedimentology and geophysics of the encircling Southern Ocean. specific emphasis is given to the relationship of the Antarctic and the encompassing continents while forming a part of Gondwana.

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He divided Antarctica into four quadrants assigning the Weddell and Enderby quadrants to Germany and the Ross and Victoria quadrants to Britain. International co-operation for meteorological and magnetic observations was arranged to take place from 1 October 1901 until 31 March 1903; this included all merchant and navy ships sailing on a route south of 30° S (Lüdecke 2003a). Besides, the British expedition under the leadership of Robert Falcon Scott (1868–1912), the Swedish expedition under Otto Nordenskjöld (1869–1928) and the Scot expedition under William Speirs Bruce (1867–1921) participated in the collaboration.

F. 80), orthopyroxene (X@ ? 49). 2-2 and Fig. 2-2. The decompressional reaction textures are characterized as follows: (1) orthopyroxene and sillimanite are never in direct contact and are separated from each other by a canal of cordierite and/or symplectitic intergrowth of cordierite + sapphirine and sapphirine + plagioclase (Fig. 2-3A); and: (2) garnet is locally replaced by a symplectite composed of orthopyroxene + cordierite + sapphirine + spinel + plagioclase (Fig. 2-3B). Similar mineral assemblages and reaction textures have been reported from Forefinger Point in Enderby Land (Harley et al.

Seven sledge trips were undertaken to investigate the surroundings of the “Gauss”. During the first trip the icefree extinct volcano “Gaussberg” with 366 m height was discovered exactly at the border between sea-ice and inland-ice (Fig. 2-6). Glaciological investigations were also made. 68 m per month. Return and Results of the Expedition Fig. 2-4. Observing the tides (Drygalski 1989) Fig. 2-5. Balloon ascent on 29 March 1902 (priv. possession Mörder, Amberg) After 50 weeks of captivity, the “Gauss” finally broke free on 8 February 1902.

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